Hematite is a mineral, colored black to steel or silver-gray, brown to reddish brown, or red. It is mined as the main ore of iron. Varieties include kidney ore, martite (pseudomorphs after magnetite), iron rose and specularite (specular hematite).
Iolite helps in recovering balance, and is recommended for those suffering from disorientation, lack of motivation, chronic disorganization, and distraction. It strengthens the resolve to take on responsibility and carry through, and provides self-assurance and endurance in adverse situations. It is an excellent source of energy when used for the elimination of debt and the responsible management of money. Iolite restores a sense of perspective to those who feel they are jinxed, and inspires anyone with a chaotic life to start to bring order in small practical ways.
Kunzite is composed of lithium, aluminum and silicate. Kunzite crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system. Its prismatic crystal structure results in a distinct pleochroism which can be helpful in identifying kunzite. Kunzite exhibits perfect cleavage, a trait it shares with both diamond and topaz. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, kunzite’s color can fade; a distinct attribute of the spodumene family. Unlike most other pink colored stones, kunzite is often found in very large sizes. Its vitreous luster and hardness is similar to quartz, making it softer than pink sapphire and spinel.
Opal is a Gem of beauty, charm, wealth and divine grace. It leads one to have a luxurious life. It bestows the power of fulfilment to the wearer and enhances financial prosperity. It is helpful for those in business particularly connected with travel and tourism, imports & exports. Opal is a semi-precious stone of White Sapphire. It may be worn by anyone for its properties, irrespective of horoscope.The opal is a semi-precious form of the silica mineral (silicon dioxide). Unlike usual mineral crystals, it lacks a proper crystalline structure, yet it has clearly defined properties. The word comes from the Sanskrit word upala.
In geology, beryl is a mineral composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate with the chemical formula Be3Al2Si6O18. The hexagonal crystals of beryl may be very small or range to several meters in size. Terminated crystals are relatively rare. Pure beryl is colorless, but it is frequently tinted by impurities; possible colors are green, blue, yellow, red, and white.
The resemblance of pyrite to gold has made it a traditional symbol for money and good luck. It’s sunny golden color associates it with the sun, and with fortification and strengthening of the mind. The name comes from the Greek word meaning “a stone which strikes fire”.These delightful pyrite pieces contain golden rays in the shape of a rising sun! Pyrite suns were once thought to be fossilized sand dollars or lily pads.
The peridot is cut in accordance with its crystal shape, mostly faceted or in classical table cuts, or round, antique, as an octahedron or oval. Smaller crystals are cut into standardised series stones, larger ones into imaginative one-offs. Cabochons are made if the material contains more inclusions, for the domed cut brings out the fine silky shine of the inclusions to their best.
The vivid green of the peridot, with just a slight hint of gold, is the ideal gemstone colour to go with that light summer wardrobe. No wonder – since the peridot is the gemstone of the summer month of August. The peridot is a very old gemstone, and one which has become very popular again today.
Tourmalines are gems with an incomparable variety of colours. The reason, according to an old Egyptian legend, is that the tourmaline, on its long journey up from the centre of the Earth, passed over a rainbow. In doing so, it assumed all the colours of the rainbow. And that is why it is still referred to as the ‘gemstone of the rainbow’ today. The name tourmaline comes from the Singhalese words ‘tura mali’. In translation, this means something like ‘stone with mixed colours’, referring to the colour spectrum of this gemstone, which outdoes that of all other precious stones.
The moonstone is associated with the moon and was the stone of the goddess Diana. The most powerful time to use the moonstone is in a full moon. It has been worn as an amulet to bring good emotions to the wearer, while protecting those of a sensitive nature. It can reunite lovers who have quarreled. Moonstone is also considered a good luck stone.Moonstone is a very personal stone. It is a reflection of the person who owns it. It does not add or detract, only shows how it is. This is why the moonstone is said to perceive that which “is”. Moonstone is an excellent stone to use in meditation to understand oneself. Placing it in the moonlight of a moon reaching its fullness, not a full or waning moon, can revitalize it. This is a particularly good gemstone for women. It is a good stone for young women or teenagers.
Moissanite is a rare gem that has almost all of the qualities of a diamond. It was first discovered in 1893, while a scientist was examining meteor samples from a crater in Arizona. Upon first glance he thought he had found diamonds, but a few years later after some lab testing they were identified as as new spectacular gem. Upon seeing such a breathtaking gem, people searched far and wide to find more. In the 1950’s more samples were found in Russian mines and Wyoming rock formations, but naturally occurring this is a very scarce gemstone. Realizing the potential of this material, scientists determined a way to create it in a laboratory in the 1990’s. Since then we now have an amazing stone that’s superior to diamonds that can be made at a fraction of the cost.
Malachite is a stone that should not be used for physical healing. Malachite has been called the “mirror of the soul”. It is variable in its condition. It reaches the inner feelings of the person and reflects what is there, negative or positive. It is so beautiful that one would like to wear it in jewelry, but caution must be used when wearing Malachite. It will always reflect how you feel, if you feel negative don’t wear Malachite. It reminds us that we have a dual nature and it is up to each person to know and rule his own person. To help get rid of nightmares, keep a piece of Malachite in your bedroom.
From the light blue of the sky to the deep blue of the sea, aquamarines shine over an extraordinarily beautiful range of mainly light blue colours. Aquamarine is a fascinatingly beautiful gemstone. Women the world over love it for its fine blue shades which can complement almost any skin or eye colour, and creative gemstone designers are inspired by it as they are by hardly any other gem, which enables them to create new artistic cuts again and again. Its light blue arouses feelings of sympathy, trust, harmony and friendship. Good feelings. Feelings which are based on mutuality and which prove their worth in lasting relationships. The blue of aquamarine is a divine, eternal colour, because it is the colour of the sky.
loodstone is also referred to as heliotrope in Greek which simply means sun turning. Many believed that the sun turns red when this stone is immersed in water. Polished stones were escribed to reflect the sun. Bloodstone comes with dark green color with spots of red almost resembling droplets of blood. It based its name from the stone’s appearance.Bloodstone is sometimes referred to as Blood Jasper in the market. It is not really jasper, but more of a dark green Chalcedony which includes a mixture of red to brown. It appears to be glassy to waxy with an inconsistent color as the green color is derived from chlorite particles, while the red spots are caused by iron oxide.
Spinel is a hard vitreous magnesium aluminium oxide that has been used as a gemstone for centuries. The beauty of spinel has caused it to be mistaken for ruby and sapphire in the past. However, spinel deserves to be recognized as a gemstone that is worthy of appreciation in its own right. Spinel occurs in a range of colours, such as rose pink to rich red; lavender to deep violet; light to deep blue, orange, yellow, brown and black.Spinel has been mined for centuries and one of the most famous historical spinel gemstones is known as “the Black Prince’s Ruby”.
The shining green tsavorite is a young gemstone with a very long geological history. Its home is the East-African bushland along the border between Kenya and Tanzania. The few mines lie in a uniquely beautiful landscape of arid grassland with bare, dry hills. It’s dangerous country, the habitat of snakes, and now and then a lion patrols, on the lookout for prey. There, near the world-famous Tsavo National Park, that history began.
Spectrolite exhibits a richer range of colours than labradorite (that shows only tones of blue-grey-green) and high labradorescence. Spectrolite was initially a brand name for material mined in Finland, but is sometimes incorrectly used to describe labradorite whenever a richer display of colours is present, regardless of locality: for example, labradorite with the spectrolite play of colors has also reported from Madagascar. The difference between Finnish spectrolite and other labradorites is that crystals of the former have considerably stronger colourfulness than other labradorites, caused by the black base color of spectrolite feldspar; other labradorites have mostly a transparent base color. Spectrolite is often cut as a lapidary cabochon, similar to plain labradorite, to enhance the effect and is used as a gemstone.
Spessartite is an orange to red-brown gemstone that belongs to the large and varied garnet species. The name, “spessartine” comes from the Bavarian word, “Spessart”, meaning “forest”, which is a mountain range in Germany where spessartine garnet deposits were found in the 1880s. Spessartite was not often seen in jewellery until deposits were mined in Namibia and Mozambique in the 1990s.The spessartite garnet group includes the colour-change and malaya varieties. Colour-change garnet is extremely rare and is highly prized for its ability to change colour when viewed using differing light sources. Colour-change garnet is typically a hybrid of spessartite and pyrope garnet.
The name “sunstone” is used for specimens of translucent to transparent feldspar that produce bright metallic flashes when light interacts with tiny plate-like mineral inclusions within the stone. These mineral inclusions usually have a common orientation, and light entering the stone reflects from them at a common angle. This produces a flash of light in the eye of the observer who views them at the proper angle. This optical phenomenon is known as “aventurescence.”
Tanzanite is noted for its remarkably strong trichroism, appearing alternately sapphire blue, violet and burgundy depending on crystal orientation. Tanzanite can also appear differently when viewed under alternate lighting conditions. The blues appear more evident when subjected to fluorescent light and the violet hues can be seen readily when viewed under incandescent illumination. Tanzanite is usually a reddish brown in its rough state, requiring artificial heat treatment to bring out the blue violet of the stone.
THULITE was first discovered in Norway in 1820, and the mineral was given its name after “Ultima Thule”, the old Greek name for Norway used more than 2000 years ago. Thulite is therefore being called “The national stone of Norway.” As a gemstone, Thulite is only found in Norway. It is mined from a narrow quartzitic horizon in a 1600 million years old gneiss. The color varies from a light pink to a dark wine, according to the amount of manganese content. A pink/red stone of the heart, offering the message that true strength is found within vulnerability. Lighter shades communicate the softness & gentleness of love. Darker shades, with more red suggest the strength & power of love in action & manifestation. It is believed to enhance concentration & influence the central nervous system. Teaches us to be enthusiastic and passionate in a grounded, realistic way. Excellent for perspective during the “in love” phase of a relationship.
Turquoise is one of the oldest protection amulets, and was also known as a symbol of wealth in many ancient cultures. Strength, protection from harm, psychic sensitivity and connection to the spirit world If given a turquoise by a loving friend, that stone would protect the wearer from negative energy and bring good fortune. The turquoise is the symbol of friendship. It also brings peace to the home.This stone is a very personal and meaningful stone to one who wears it. Turquoise takes on the characteristics of the owner.
Golden beryl is also known as Heliodor, which is named after the Greek words for sun “helios” and gift “doron”. The sunny yellow color of this beryl lives up to its name. Although it isn’t well known, Golden beryl has an illustrious pedigree. One of the most important gem families is beryl. With a trace of chromium to bestow a fabulous green, beryl becomes emerald, the rare and valuable green gem. If instead, nature includes a trace of iron in one valence state, beryl is aquamarine. You might not even realize that beryl comes in other colors. Because golden beryl is largely unknown, it is much more affordable than aquamarine. Golden beryl gemstones are an excellent choice for jewelry due to their hardness, toughness, and resistance to corrosive substances. Gemstone lovers are finally beginning to discover this fine gem, and as a result golden beryl is becoming an increasingly popular gemstone for jewelry.
Garnet is found the world over, and though commonly known to be red, it is in fact found in a variety of colors and chemical formulas, each with its own set of spiritual properties. Legends and folklore place garnet among the most ancient of talismans. Not only was it prized as an ornamental jewel, but its strong curative powers and protective energies made it invaluable. Garnet is also known for its utilization of creative energy. It grounds spirit forces within the body and helps in the ability to work lovingly on the physical plane. Yet Garnet is a sensual stone. It represents primordial fire, the creation of the world out of chaos, purification and love. It is a stone of strong, intense feelings.
Copal is a solidified, volatile, rich plant resin, that can be colourless, yellow, brown or rarely reddish. It is a relatively recent fossil resin, which may have only tens or hundreds of years unlike Amber (millions years). Copal is frequently used as an imitation of Amber. Kauri gum is a variety of Copal from New Zealand. Manila is the Copal from the Philippines and Indonesia. Dammar is a variety of Copal from Malaysia. Congo is a name for Copal from east and central Africa and Colombia where the Copal resin is sold as Colombian amber.
Citrine is a yellow-to-golden member of the quartz mineral group. A deep golden variety from Madiera Spain can resemble the costly imperial topaz gem stone, which is one reason that citrine is a popular birthstone alternative to those born in November. Citrine has been called the “stone of the mind”. Ancient cultures believed that placing a citrine on the forehead of an elder would increase his psychic power.Citrine is known as the lucky “Merchants Stone”. If you are in any type of sales, just put a citrine in the cash drawer and watch what happens.
You should never buy a lottery ticket without an aventurine in your left pocket. Lady Luck will be in your left pocket. This is the stone of opportunity. Aventurine is known as the stone of chance or luck. If you gamble or play the lotto, keep this stone in your left pocket. Aventurine is mainly quartz, a quartzite, usually containing mica. It occurs in several colors including green, red and blue. Green Aventurine is the stone of luck and chance. It is said to increase perception and creative insight. It is a heart chakra ston
Carnelian (also sometimes referred to as cornelian) is found primarily in India, as well as various sites in South America. It is a variety of chalcedony. The most favorable pieces are a deep red to red-orange hue. Carnelian has a long and storied past, and was once considered strictly the property of the noble class. People holding a high social status were often buried with this gem stone.Carnelian is an energy booster. It helps the insecure person to find strength within them so they can come into their own. It is said to increase the appetite.
Bixbite is the variety name for the red variety of beyl. It was named after the mineral collector Maynard Bixby. Gem quality material is very rare and the largest faceted gemstones are less than three carats in size.This very rare gemstone was mined only, at the Wah Wah Mountains deposit in Utah and this deposit is finished for now. The last operators had to totally restore the site when they passed on their option. Anyone wishing to go back and re-open the mine will spend millions just removing overburden. There may still be lots of red beryl in the ground but it hasn’t proved economical to pull it out.
The price you pay for any apatite should be in direct relationship to the rarity and quality of the stone you are buying. How much is apatite worth? The value of natural apatite can vary greatly depending on the size and quality of the gemstone. Buying direct from AJS Gems you’ll get the best value in the market. All our apatite are hand selected and priced according to market value. We buy diamonds from local miners, who often live in developing countries in Asia, Africa and South America. Buying direct from small miners and local gem dealers helps support them and their families. We thank you for your support.
I have the perfect gem for you! Sometimes amethyst and citrine colours are found in the same crystal of quartz. These bicolour yellow and purple quartz gemstones are called ametrine. With ametrine, you can have both gem colours for the price of one! Ametrine is especially inexpensive when you consider that it comes from only one mine in the world.
Its colour is as unique as it is seductive, though in fact this gemstone of all gemstones is said to protect its wearer against seduction. The amethyst is extravagance in violet. For many thousands of years, the most striking representative of the quartz family has been a jewel coveted by princes both ecclesiastical and secular. Moses described it as a symbol of the Spirit of God in the official robes of the High Priest of the Jews, and the Russian Empress Catherine the Great sent thousands of miners into the Urals to look for it.
Amber stone is not strictly speaking a stone at all, but is a fossilized resin. Beautiful jewelry made from it resembles gemstones, so it is sold as a gem stone. It is popular as it has marvelous metaphysical properties for psychic protection. It is a powerful healer that gives the person who wears it a lovely sense of health and healing. Amber helps to balance the emotions, clear the mind and release negative energy. It aids manifestation, eases stress by clearing phobias and fears, and it is a lovely warm stone to wear.
Alexandrite is one of the rarest of all colored gemstones available today. More specifically, it is an extremely rare color change variety of chrysoberyl (a cyclosilicate). Despite its name, chrysoberyl, which is an aluminate of beryllium, does not actually belong to the beryl mineral group, but rather, it is classified as its own independent mineral group.Typically, alexandrite exhibits an emerald-green color in daylight, and raspberry-red under incandescent lighting. Alexandrite can also occur with yellowish and pink colors, and extremely rare specimens can exhibit chatoyancy (cat’s eye) effects when cut en cabochon. The color change ‘alexandrite effect’ is a result of the strong absorption of light in the yellow and blue portions of the color spectrum.
Diopside occurs in white to light green, darker green, gray or greenish black, reddish brown and yellow-brown. The energy of this mineral depends upon the hue. Black diopside is used to establish a connection and grounding with the earth, while green diopside is used for balancing and healing. It energizes the third eye, heart and sacral hara chakra.Green diopside promotes emotional well being and the wherewithal to love oneself and others.
Agate Gemstone is a silica crystal. Unlike many other semi-precious Gemstones, Agate Stone has very few metal impurities or complexes within it. This mineral is highly associated with volcanic rock. Decomposition of silica within volcanic rock typically yields Agate minerals. Agate Gems is very commonly found with quartz deposits, and in fact, agate is frequently confused with quartz minerals and gemstones. One of the largest Agate Gemstones ever found was in Lake Superior, Minnesota. The stone is available in a lot of colours.
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